6 Activities to Avoid With Epilepsy

The warning signs about flashing lights may be the most widely known aspect of epilepsy, but in reality, only around 3% of people living with epilepsy are affected by light sensitivity and visual patterns.

Another widely held belief is that all epileptic seizures involve convulsions, but the truth is far from it. Many seizures are subtle, characterized by temporary confusion, staring spells, or uncontrollable jerking movements of one part of the body.

Yet another area of confusion is the question of driving – while regulations vary, many people with well-controlled epilepsy are indeed able to drive.

The misconceptions surrounding epilepsy not only contribute to stigma but also lead to unnecessary fear and self-limitation among those living with the condition. By understanding what activities may pose a risk and why, individuals with epilepsy can engage in a wider range of experiences with confidence and safety.

Solo Water Activities

Partaking in water activities alone, like swimming, diving, or surfing, can pose significant risks for individuals with epilepsy. A temporary loss of consciousness due to a seizure can lead to drowning.

Certain aquatic environments may also potentially induce seizures in some individuals. For example, temperature changes from entering or exiting the water, or the flickering sunlight reflecting off the water surface could be potential seizure triggers.

To mitigate these risks, it is generally advised to swim with a companion who is aware of the person’s condition and capable of providing aid.

High Altitude Climbing

Climbing activities, particularly at high altitudes, can be dangerous for individuals with epilepsy. Not only can an unexpected seizure cause falls, but the physical exertion and thinner oxygen at high altitudes may also provoke seizures in some individuals.

Regular breaks, maintaining hydration, and adequate acclimatization can help mitigate these risks. But as a general rule, people living with epilepsy should avoid climbing activities.

Air Activities

Aerial activities such as paragliding, skydiving, or operating light aircraft can pose significant risks. An unexpected seizure could disrupt control, leading to potentially fatal situations.

The anxiety or exhilaration associated with these activities might also act as a trigger for some.

For these reasons, air activities are generally discouraged for people living with epilepsy.

Operating Heavy Machinery

Operating heavy machinery, including certain types of industrial equipment or vehicles, can be hazardous. A seizure while operating such machinery could lead to serious accidents, affecting not just the person with epilepsy but others as well.

Employers should be informed about the individual’s condition, and reasonable accommodations should be made in accordance with occupational health and safety regulations.

As for driving, the regulations vary depending on the jurisdiction, types of seizures, and when the last seizure occurred. Generally, a person with epilepsy can drive if their seizures are
well-controlled and they have been seizure-free for a specific period, often between six months to a year.

However, certain types of epilepsy may impose more stringent restrictions due to the unpredictability of seizures. Healthcare providers can usually provide guidance regarding the driving regulations in the region to ensure safety for themselves and others on the road.

Extreme Sports

Extreme sports like downhill mountain biking, motocross racing, or white-water rafting, inherently come with risk. For individuals with epilepsy, this risk is even more significant. Sudden movements or intense physical exertion can sometimes act as seizure triggers.

If such sports are engaged in, wearing appropriate protective gear, understanding personal triggers, and having a trained companion present can help manage these risks. But even with these protections, most people with epilepsy should not engage in these high-risk extreme sports.

Working at Heights

Work or activities that involve heights, such as roofing or tree trimming, can pose a danger. An unexpected seizure could lead to falls resulting in severe injuries.

Employers and co-workers should be aware of the person’s condition, and these tasks should be delegated to others who can perform them without undue risk.

Enjoying Life with Epilepsy

Living with epilepsy does not equate to a life without adventure or fulfillment. With a thorough understanding of their condition, individuals with epilepsy can navigate potential risks, enjoy a variety of experiences, and lead a vibrant life.

Each individual’s experience with epilepsy is unique, and what may be a trigger or risk for one person might not be for another. Regular consultation with healthcare providers, personalized seizure management strategies, and informed risk assessment enable individuals with epilepsy to broaden their horizons safely and confidently.

Having epilepsy might necessitate certain precautions, but it does not define the individual or limit their capacity for joy, adventure, and personal achievement.